Contact the Editor for help: tsack8@gmail.com or 904-403-6446 (USA).  Register Now!

Workbook 6: Transportation & Commuting

Introduction

MGD-10

Traveling for work, whether by car, bus, or other means, is a significant expense for families and contributes to illness by creating air pollution.  The green doctor office tries to structure office responsibilities to minimize transportation costs, and provides information to employees and to patients to encourage wise transportation and commuting choices.

Each of us creates a lot of air pollution through transportation.  Vehicular pollutants include nitrous oxides, sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and particulates.  There is an additional a class of toxins grouped together as “Hazardous Air Pollutants”, which includes from vehicles the following particularly worrisome chemicals: benzene (the worst), acetaldehyde, acrolein, 1,3-butadiene, formaldehyde, and polycyclic organic matter (POM).  Through the implementation of the US Clean Air Act of 1970,many subsequent regulations, vehicle improvements, and fuel improvements, there have been enormous enhancements in air quality and human health in the some countries, but in many countries the growing number of cars and trucks, particularly those with diesel engines, is a huge health problem.  There remain major challenges. For every million people in the US, air pollutants from transportation add an additional 36 people who will develop cancer over a lifetime.  Emissions from vehicles account for about 30% of the cancer risk from air pollution.  Ninety-two percent of the U.S. population is at increased risk for pulmonary effects due to exposure to air toxics from outdoor air pollution sources. View article here.

The carbon footprint of a vehicle is the emission of climate-warming gases from a vehicle for one year.  Motor vehicles release several different gases with different degrees of climate warming effects. For convenience, these are reported together in terms of their carbon-dioxide CO2 equivalence.  For example, since a molecule of methane is forty-times more warming than a molecule of carbon dioxide, each molecule of methane released carries a CO2 equivalent of 40.  The US Environmental Protection Agency lists for each vehicle the “full fuel-cycle estimates,” meaning the pollution impacts of all steps in the use of a fuel, including production, refining, distribution and combustion. Not listed are the greenhouse gases released during vehicle manufacture (US Department of Energy, GREET Model1.7, Argonne National Laboratory).

Transportation and Commuting Action Steps

At first it may seem odd that transportation should be a concern for the doctor office.  But once your Green Team considers the enormous time and expense of travel to and from the office, of moving people and goods for the office, and the environmental results, you will appreciate the potential benefits of a transportation and commuting. We’ll review the following subjects:

  1. “Quick Start Now!”
  2. Vehicle choice
  3. Commuting to work, including carpooling and public transportation
  4. Work assignments, including telecommuting and choice of vendors
  5. Driving skills, including vehicle idling

We will walk you through a list of action steps you can take in each of these categories.  We provide a lot of time-tested questions and solutions that have been considered by other offices and other businesses.

Many times we will challenge your Green Team to come up with your own ideas by asking you, What else?  Please email us your ‘What Else’ ideas for us to add to the Workbook.

MGD-Leaf

Vehicle choice

  • Make a list of the vehicles used by office members to travel to work and the office’s average miles-per-gallon (mpg) for city driving, as listed by the US Environmental Protection Agency www.fueleconomy.gov/Feg/findacar.htm.
  • Set a goal to increase the office’s average mpg by 5mpg in 2 years.
  • Make a list of the office’s carbon footprint (the carbon dioxide released annually) for the vehicles used by office workers www.fueleconomy.gov/Feg/findacar.htm.
  • Set a goal to decrease the office’s transportation carbon footprint by 5% in 2 years.
  • Make a list of vehicles owned by the doctor office, and the fleet’s average miles-per-gallon (mpg) or liters per kilometer for city driving.
  • Set a goal to increase the doctor office fleet’s average mpg by 5mpg in 2 years.
  • Buy an Electric Car or Hybrid: Electric cars, now widely available in the US and other countries, make sense for your finances and for the environment. Electric cars in the US can be powered for approximately $0.70 per mile driven, which saves fossil fuels, and affords you $7,500 or more in tax incentives.
  • Install electric outlets in your parking area to charge electric vehicles.
  • Install electric outlets in your parking area to charge electric vehicles.
  • Install electric outlets in your parking area to charge electric vehicles.
  • Create a handout for your waiting room to tell patients about vehicle choices, the financial costs of transportation, and the health effects of air pollution. Include a list of websites where consumers can find information on cleaner, healthier vehicles. Also prepare an educational handout or brochure for your office waiting room about the advantages and availability of electric and hybrid vehicles.

MGD-Leaf

Commuting to Work

  • Create an office carpooling program. Ask the office to give a small bonus to carpoolers ($20/month?) because office work can be accomplished while carpooling and carpooling can boost job satisfaction and morale.
  • Display ìWe Carpool!î signs in the office and waiting room.
  • Encourage use of bicycles and motorcycles by providing safe, secure bike racks and motorcycle parking.
  • Encourage safe use of bicycles and motorcycles, including the use of helmets, protective clothing, and proper shoes.
  • Discuss ways to encourage the use of public transportation.  Share those ideas with the GDOP.
  • Add to your doctor office brochures, website and stationery information on public transportation (bus and subway lines).
  • Create a handout for your waiting room to tell patients about public transportation’s benefits, and the bus and subway lines that reach your doctor offices.
  • “Adopt a Bus Stop” if such a program is available in your community, or start such a program to encourage use of public transportation.
  • Discuss ways to encourage walking by office workers, families and patients.Share those ideas with the GDOP.
  • Display ìWe Walk !î signs in the office and waiting room.
  • Create a handout for your waiting room to tell patients about the health and environmental benefits of walking.

MGD-Leaf

Work assignments>

  • Adopt a policy to consider transportation in making work assignments.  If you have more than one office, assign employees to the office closest to their home. Plan work assignments to avoid the times of day with the worst road or transit congestion. If driving is required once at work, try to coordinate trips and to use alternatives such as conference calls or email.  Encourage employees to suggest ways to decrease transportation needs and costs.
  • Adopt a policy to encourage telecommuting (working from home) for at least part of the week for some employees, saving time, transportation, and office overhead costs.  Encourage employees to suggest how they might work from home for part of or for their entire job.  Please share your telecommuting experience with us at My Green Doctor.
  • Adopt a policy to choose vendors for your office who have a ìgreenî vehicle fleet, meaning those that may use alternative fuels, avoid old diesel trucks, and have adopted policies for safe driving, proper vehicle maintenance, and avoidance of vehicle idling.  Just by asking your vendors these question, you likely will influence their future behaviors.

MGD-Leaf

Driving Skills and Vehicle Idling

  • Adopt an office policy to encourage safe driving, proper vehicle maintenance, and minimize vehicle idling.
  • Create a handout for your office to inform staff and patients about the benefits of safe driving, proper vehicle maintenance, and avoidance of vehicle idling. Safe driving includes obeying the speed limit and avoiding rapid acceleration; proper maintenance includes keeping the car tuned, the air filters replaced regularly, following the manufacturer’s recommended oil changes, checking tire inflation monthly, and eliminating excess baggage in vehicles.
  • Contact your mayor and city councilman to ask your community to adopt a vehicle idling ordinance. Contact My Green Doctor for further assistance.

Tips for Success

Your Improvement Plan consists of the Action Steps that you choose to adopt for the office.

For each action step:

  • Record your situation before you begin making improvements, such as the average vehicle miles-per-gallon for city driving for vehicles used for commuting, the percentage of workers in the office who carpool,  or the percentage of office workers regularly using public transportation to get to work. Record this data on a Green team Notes form or in a spreadsheet
  • Establish specific, measurable, date-certain targets for what you want to accomplish such as, ìTo raise our average vehicle miles-per-gallon by 5 mpg in 2 years, or “Install a bicycle rack by June 1,” or “Create a car-pool program by March 1.”
  • Agree on a leader for each Action Step.
  • Agree on the responsibilities of each person in the office.
  • If needed, obtain agreement or approval from the office manager or chief executive.
  • Communicate with your office colleagues.  Listen for ideas and try to elicit helpful criticisms.
  • Educate your patients, families & community.   Which ideas could be shared with your own families or with your patients?  Part of the Green Team’s Improvement Plan must include an education plan.  Your waiting room can become a site for education.
  • Reassess the Plan after a reasonable period.

Background Information

  • Air pollution from transportation causes significant health problems, including asthma, bronchitis, heart attacks and cancer.
  • Your choice of vehicle has a large impact on your family’s carbon footprint; because for most American families 51% of their carbon dioxide release is related to transportation.
  • The United States, with just 4% of the world’s population, generates 25% of the planet’s greenhouse gases.
  • Boosting the average US vehicle gas consumption from 20 miles per gallon to 33mpg would eliminate all US oil imports from the Middle East.
  • Choosing hybrid and smaller vehicles provides higher fuel efficiency.
  • Electric vehicles are now fully available in the United States and many other countries. Electric cars now make sense for your finances and for the environment. New technology, new vehicles, generous government tax savings and the rising price of gasoline make this possible.
  • Some countries offer tax benefits or discounts for the purchase of low-pollution vehicles. In 2011, Congress is offering electric car buyers a $7,500 tax credit, and some states and cities provide additional subsidies. The Nissan Leaf sells in 2011 for $33,000 and the Volt for $41,000.
  • In 2009, Americans spent $325 billion on gasoline.
  • ìAlternative Fuels,î those other than gasoline, can be cleaner for the environment and more efficient.  These include diesel fuel when used in the new, advanced engines; biofuels, the liquid fuels made from agricultural products and plant wastes; natural gas that burns cleaner than gasoline; and plug-in hybrid cars and other electric vehicles.  Hydrogen-based fuel cells are often discussed in the media but this technology is likely two decades from commercial practicality.  A summary of alternative fuels is available from the Environment and Energy Study Institute: www.eesi.org/vehicles_fuels.
  • Alternative Fuels, those other than gasoline, can be cleaner for the environment and more efficient.These include diesel fuel when used in the new, advanced engines; biofuels, the liquid fuels made from
  • Telecommuting (working from home) one or more days per week can save time, money, and fuel use. Telecommuting can increase productivity and decrease stress, while building loyalty and job satisfaction. Read Article here.
  • Tellecommute Connect
  • Walking and bicycling contribute to mental and physical health, and help the environment.  A staggering quarter of a million deaths each year in the US can be attributed to physical inactivity, according to  the American College of Sports Medicine, the President’s Council on Physical Fitness, and the Centers for Disease Control. See http://walking.about.com/.
  • Good driving habits and proper vehicle maintenance are not just about safety. They also save money and avoid pollution. Safe drivers are also Green drivers, achieving 7-10% better fuel economy. My Green Doctor offers many driving tips for office workers, families and patients. Read more here and here.
  • Businesses and consumers can save money and improve air quality by not idling their vehicles when not moving.  Unnecessary truck and bus idling wastes three percent of all diesel fuel consumed for road transportation (US EPA).  Many businesses and governments have adopted policies or ordinances directed to decrease idling.

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This